When It comes to buying a microphone, it can be very challenging to choose the best microphones for singing. Whether you’re singing or talking, everybody’s voice is different. Some voices are higher-pitched, such as female voices, and some are lower, like a man’s voice.
Since I can’t give a specific answer on what microphone you should get, I can try to help and make it easier with the tools necessary to shorten your search.
Let’s start with explaining what a condenser microphone is.
Condenser Microphone –
A condenser microphone is the most common. It has a capacitor that converts acoustical energy into electric energy. Condenser microphones require power from a battery or external source like an audio interface. The result is a stronger audio signal, stronger than that from a dynamic microphone.
WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING A MICROPHONE?
To determine what microphone is best for your voice, the first thing you need to look at is frequency response.
Diaphragm sizes –
Some microphones contain a large diaphragm to pick up lower frequencies ideal for lower male voices, and bass instruments.
Other microphones include a small diaphragm for higher notes. These are ideal for female vocals, acoustic guitars, violins, and cymbals. Often these small diaphragm microphones can be found recording overhead sounds in orchestra’s and drums.
Here is a broad estimate of human voices measured in hertz (the number of times the vocal folds vibrate per second).
The average male voice usually falls between 110-130 hertz
The average female voice usually falls between 200-220 hertz
The average child voice usually falls between 300-400 hertz
The higher the vibrations per second, the higher pitched the sound is.
Another thing to consider is directionality. Which directional pattern, or polar pattern do you need? If you are just doing voice overs then the polar pattern you will need should be focused and you will need a cardioid, or hypercardioid condenser microphone. This type of microphone is to drown out room noise and only pick up close contact noise.
Shock Mounts –
A shock mount is an attachment that suspends the microphone in place by elastic bands. It makes the microphone isolated from mic stand noises, and also foot rumble noises. The shock mount absorbs all the unwanted noises keeping your recordings clear and crisp.